More than 50,000 Americans succumb to colon cancer every year. It’s among the most widespread cancers. When it comes to cancer treatment Scottsdale AZ doctors say if diagnosed early, it’s treatable, but most people don’t schedule a colonoscopy exam.
Understanding The Proliferation Of Colorectal Cancer
Colorectal cancer is due to the uncontrolled proliferation of the cells of the mucosa that covers the colon. The disease, rare enough before age 40, is more common in people aged 60 to 75 , with few distinctions between men and women. The disease affects more men than women, however, the incidence is increasing in the female population because of the increasingly uniform lifestyle habits between the sexes.
They are generally characterized by tumors of the colon itself, and in tumors of the rectum, or of the last tract of the intestine, as they can occur with different modes and frequencies. Approximately 71 percent of this cancer develops in the colon and about 29 percent arise in the rectum. The precise location of the tumor along the colon and in the rectum may correspond to different characteristics, and may influence the choice of treatment. In recent years there has been an increase in the diagnosis of colon cancer, but also a decrease in mortality, mainly attributable to screening programs, and early detection.
What Treatment Options Are Available?
Which treatment methods are suitable for patients with colorectal cancer depends on the results of the preliminary examinations. Various treatment methods are available: surgery, chemo, radiation and treatment with targeted drugs, however, which treatment is suitable depends on the stage of the disease and the general condition of the person.
For precancerous lesions and very small superficial tumors, endoscopic removal may be sufficient. Such tumors are usually visible as so-called intestinal polyps. Their removal can happen during the first colonoscopy, even if this was actually intended as an early detection examination. Tumors that have grown considerably will require surgery. How extensive the procedure must become depends on the size of the tumor and how far it has penetrated the intestinal wall, and adjacent lymph nodes. But the location of the tumor also plays a role in further treatment planning.
There are different treatment options for patients with more advanced colorectal cancers. In some cases, surgery is questioned when cancer has spread to other organs. Then patients will usually receive chemotherapy, supplemented by targeted medications. Doctors try to mediate the growth and proliferation of tumor cells. With such a therapy, the tumor growth should be slowed down for as long as possible.
Who Is At Risk For Colon Cancer?
Many studies show that a diet high in fat and animal protein and low in fiber is associated with an increase in intestinal tumors. Conversely, high fiber diets, characterized by a high consumption of fruit and vegetables, seem to have a protective role. Obesity and sedentary lifestyles are also additional risk factors. If a person knows that they are at high risk because they have had relatives with this tumor, it is advisable to follow a diet with low fat, low meat intake and high in fiber. Lots of vegetables and fresh fruit is also apart of a great prevention plan.